You are about to learn the step by step process of making a homemade hand sanitizer that works effectively under 60 seconds.
The coronavirus is really on tour from country to country and spreading like wildfire.
Many countries are on lockdown and it is greatly affecting many economies.
However, the virus has not stopped many people from making money online.
When it comes to preventing such infectious diseases like the COVID-19, handwashing does the job.
The second best thing you can do to prevent the spread of the virus is to use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the sanitizer should contain at least 60% alcohol.
Unless you already have a large stock of sanitizers that meet the recommendation, you may find it difficult to get any at the stores right now.
Due to the rapid spread of the novel coronavirus, most retailers can’t keep up with the demand for hand sanitizer.
Even if you are lucky to find sanitizers in a store, you may likely pay almost double the actual price before the pandemic.
So, what will you do?
Stay at home without a means to protect yourself from contracting the disease?
Heck no!! There is a way out.
You are going to make your own homemade hand sanitizers right away, after reading this article.
The good news? All you need is just three ingredients to make your own hand sanitizer at home.
We will get to that shortly.
How do homemade sanitizers work?
The active ingredient in this hand sanitizer recipe is the alcohol.
To produce a really effective homemade hand sanitizer, it needs to comprise at least 60% of alcohol.
The recipe for the homemade sanitizer requires 99% isopropyl alcohol (rubbing alcohol).
An alternative is using ethanol (grain alcohol, most commonly available at 90%-95%).
If you use lower percentage alcohol (e.g., 70% alcohol), then you need to increase the amount of alcohol in the recipe or it won’t be as effective.
Important warning against the use of homemade hand sanitizers
Please don’t use any other types of alcohol (e.g., methanol, butanol) to prepare the homemade hand sanitizer.
Other types of alcohol can be toxic and cause serious injuries to your skin when you use them.
Secondly, only resort to the use of homemade hand sanitizers in extreme situations.
Especially, when handwashing isn’t available for the foreseeable future because of city lockdowns and curfews.
Hand sanitizer recipes, including the one below, are intended for use by professionals with the necessary expertise and resources for safe creation and proper utilization.
Please, cut your kids some slack.
Don’t use homemade hand sanitizers on children’s delicate skin.
They may be more prone to use them improperly, exposing them to a greater risk of injury.
What you’ll need to make the product
Making your own hand sanitizer is easy to do and only requires a few ingredients:
Ingredients for making homemade sanitizers
- 2/3 cup 99% rubbing alcohol (isopropyl alcohol) or ethanol
- 1/3 cup aloe vera gel. This helps to keep your hands smooth. It also counteracts the harshness of alcohol on the skin.
- 8 to 10 drops essential oil such as tea tree oil or lavender oil, or you can use lemon juice instead. Although, this is optional.
Essential Oils in Hand Sanitizer
The reason essential oil is an option is that it only adds fragrance to your hand sanitizer.
However, the essential oil you choose may also help protect you against germs.
For example, thyme and clove oil have antimicrobial properties.
If you are using antimicrobial oils such as thyme and clove oil, only use them in very small quantities.
A drop or two will do since these oils tend to be very powerful and might irritate your skin.
Other oils, such as lavender or chamomile, may help soothe your skin.
Tea tree oil is antimicrobial. You can add a couple of drops to the recipe.
But it’s important to note many people are sensitive to this oil, even when it’s in dilute form.
Equipment for making homemade sanitizers
- Bowl and spoon
- Bottle with a pump dispenser
Steps to make a homemade hand sanitizers
The hand sanitizer recipe you are about to read below will kill 99.9% of germs after 60 seconds.
The necessary steps for making it are as simple as the simplest thing you can imagine.
Simply mix the ingredients together and then use the funnel to pour them into the bottle.
Screw the pump back onto the bottle, label the bottle and you’re good to go.
The key to making an effective, germ-busting hand sanitizer is to stick to a 2:1 proportion of alcohol to aloe vera.
This keeps the alcohol content around 60% which is the minimum amount that can kill most germs, according to the CDC.
The three easy steps for making an effective hand sanitizer are;
1. Gather the necessary ingredients
The basic ingredients you must have are rubbing alcohol, aloe vera gel, and optional essential oils.
Also, keep in mind to use the measurements below.
- 2/3 cup 99% rubbing alcohol (isopropyl alcohol) or ethanol
- 1/3 cup aloe vera gel.
- 8 to 10 drops essential oil such as lavender oil or lemon juice.
2. Mix the ingredients together
Pour all ingredients into a bowl, ideally one with a pouring spout like a glass measuring container.
Mix the content in the bowl thoroughly with a spoon or a whisk.
Whisk continuously until it forms a gel.
3. Pour the sanitizer into the bottle and label
Using the funnel, carefully pour your DIY hand sanitizer into the bottle of your choice.
Tightly screw the top of your bottle with the pump dispenser and label it “Hand Sanitizer”.
You can start using the product immediately to disinfect your hands.
Tips to follow when making hand sanitizer at home
If you are making hand sanitizer at home, please adhere to these tips:
- Make the hand sanitizer in a clean space. Wipe down countertops with a diluted bleach solution beforehand.
- Wash your hands thoroughly before making the hand sanitizer.
- To mix, use a clean spoon and whisk. Wash these items thoroughly before using them.
- Make sure not to use diluted alcohol for the homemade hand sanitizer.
- Mix all the ingredients thoroughly until they form a smooth gel with consistency.
- Do not touch the mixture with your hands until it is ready for use.
For a larger batch of hand sanitizer, the World Health Organization (WHO) has a formula for a hand sanitizer that uses:
- isopropyl alcohol or ethanol
- hydrogen peroxide
- sterile distilled or boiled cold water
Substitutions for hand sanitizer ingredients
The key ingredient in hand sanitizer is alcohol, so it’s only possible to substitute for the aloe vera gel.
Aloe vera gel is important in the sanitizer to protect hands against the drying effects of alcohol.
Basically, the aloe vera gel is a humectant. This means it helps lock in moisture.
There are other humectants such as glycerin or hand lotion which you can use to substitute for aloe vera gel.
However, it’s still important to keep the alcohol percentage in the final product at least 60%.
If you can’t find alcohol, the best option is to wash your hands with soap and water rather than attempt a homemade hand sanitizer recipe.
Can one use 70% Alcohol instead of rubbing alcohol?
Rubbing alcohol and ethanol from a store tend to be either 90-99% alcohol or else 70% alcohol.
You can disinfect your hands with 70% alcohol, but there’s very little you can add to it.
Maybe a few drops of essential oil or jojoba oil, to improve scent or texture.
Mixing 70% alcohol with other ingredients dilutes the alcohol, so it’s easy to drop below the 60% alcohol standard set by the CDC.
How to protect your hands after using the product
Alcohol dries the skin and strips protective oils.
Follow up a hand sanitizer (or handwashing) with a good lotion to keep skin in top shape.
Damaged skin has tiny cracks that trap bacteria and viruses and make them harder to remove.
If you have sensitive skin, try to keep the amount of alcohol in hand sanitizer around 60-70% (as in this recipe).
Higher concentrations may cause irritation.
Is it safe to use homemade sanitizers?
There are a lot of DIY hand sanitizer recipes all over the internet these days — but are they safe?
These recipes, including the ones above, are for use by professionals with both the expertise and resources to safely make homemade hand sanitizers.
Homemade hand sanitizer is only recommended in extreme situations when you’re unable to wash your hands for the foreseeable future.
Side effects of using poorly made hand sanitizers
If you use improper ingredients or proportions it can lead to:
- lack of efficacy, meaning that the sanitizer may not be effective in eliminating the risk of infections.
- skin irritation, injury, or burns
- exposure to hazardous chemicals via inhalation
Please do not use homemade hand sanitizer with children.
Children may be more prone to improper hand sanitizer usage, which could lead to greater risk of injury.
How to use hand sanitizer
Two things to be aware of when using hand sanitizer is that you need to rub it into your skin until your hands are dry.
And, if your hands are greasy or dirty, you should wash them first with soap and water.
With that in mind, here are some tips for using hand sanitizer effectively.
- Spray or apply the sanitizer to the palm of one hand.
- Thoroughly rub your hands together. Make sure you cover the entire surface of your hands and all your fingers.
- Continue rubbing for 30 to 60 seconds or until your hands are dry. It can take at least 60 seconds, and sometimes longer, for hand sanitizer to kill most germs.
What germs can hand sanitizer kill?
According to the CDC, an alcohol-based hand sanitizer can quickly reduce the number of microbes on your hands.
As long as the hand sanitizer meets the alcohol volume requirement.
It can also help destroy a wide range of disease-causing agents or pathogens on your hands.
This also includes the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2.
However, even the best alcohol-based hand sanitizers have limitations too and do not eliminate all types of germs.
According to the CDC, hand sanitizers won’t get rid of potentially harmful chemicals.
It’s also not effective at killing the following types of germs:
- cryptosporidium (which causes cryptosporidiosis)
- clostridium difficile (also known as C. diff)
Also, a hand sanitizer may not work well if your hands are visibly dirty or greasy.
This may happen after working with food, doing yard work, gardening, or playing a sport.
If your hands look dirty or slimy, opt for handwashing with soap and running water instead of a hand sanitizer.
Handwashing vs. hand sanitizer which is better?
Knowing when it’s best to wash your hands, and when hand sanitizers can be very helpful.
It is key to protecting yourself from the novel coronavirus as well as other illnesses, like the common cold and seasonal flu.
While both serve a purpose, washing your hands with soap and water should always be a priority.
Even the CDC recommends handwashing over hand sanitizers.
Only use hand sanitizer if soap and water isn’t available in a given situation, like when there is a total lockdown.
When and how to wash your hands
It’s also important to always wash your hands:
- after going to the bathroom
- after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing
- before eating
- after touching surfaces that could be contaminated
The CDC lists specific instructions on the most effective way to wash your hands.
This is the pattern they recommend for washing your hands:
- Always use clean, running water. (It can be warm or cold.)
- Wet your hands first, then turn the water off, and lather your hands with soap.
- Rub your hands together with the soap for at least 20 seconds. Make sure to scrub the back of your hands, between your fingers and under your nails.
- Turn the water on and rinse your hands. Use a clean towel or air dry.
I believe by now if you are having a hard time finding hand sanitizer at your local stores and handwashing isn’t available, you already know what to do.
Follow these steps to make your own hand sanitizer and stay safe during this pandemic.
I hope to see you alive after all this pain.
So, stay alive and share this post until it gets to someone who needs this information urgently.